|3 Months Ended|
Mar. 31, 2022
|Revenue From Contract With Customer [Abstract]|
Product Revenue, Net
Net product revenue was $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2022. Products are sold primarily to wholesalers and specialty pharmacies. Revenue is reduced from wholesaler list price at the time of recognition for expected chargebacks, rebates, discounts, incentives, and returns, which are referred to as gross to net (“GTN”) adjustments. These reductions are currently attributed to various commercial arrangements. Chargebacks and discounts are recognized as a reduction in accounts receivable or as accrued expenses based on their nature and settled through the issuance of credits to the customer or through cash payments to the customer, respectively. All other returns, rebates, and incentives are reflected as accrued expenses and settled through cash payments to the customer. Three wholesalers comprised 46%, 29%, and 21% of the Company’s gross revenue for the three months ended March 31, 2022.
The following table summarizes activity in each of the Company’s product revenue provision and allowance categories as of March 31, 2022 (in thousands):
License Agreement Revenue
In February 2021, the Company entered into an Exclusive License and Collaboration Agreement (the “Agreement”) with Hansoh (Shanghai) Health Technology Co., Ltd., and Jiangsu Hansoh Pharmaceutical Group Company Limited (collectively,
“Hansoh”), pursuant to which the Company granted to Hansoh an exclusive license to research, develop and commercialize ibrexafungerp in the Greater China region, including mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, and Taiwan (the “Territory”). The Company also granted to Hansoh a non-exclusive license to manufacture ibrexafungerp solely for development and commercialization in the Territory. Under the terms of the Agreement, Hansoh shall be responsible for the development, regulatory approval and commercialization of ibrexafungerp in the Territory.
Pursuant to the terms of the Agreement, the Company received as consideration for the licenses a nonrefundable upfront cash payment of $10.0 million and is entitled to an additional payment that was payable upon the transfer of certain data related to the manufacturing license. In addition, the Company will also be eligible to receive up to $110.0 million in potential development and commercial milestones. In addition, during the term of the licensing agreement, the Company is entitled to low double-digit royalties on net product sales. The obligation to pay royalties with respect to sales in a specified region will continue until the later of the date of expiration of all intellectual property and regulatory exclusivity for the product in the region and ten years from the first commercial sale, unless earlier terminated by Hansoh with advanced notice for convenience or under other specified circumstances. The Company is also eligible to receive a milestone related to the successful completion of a manufacturing batch by Hansoh.
The Company evaluated the Agreement and concluded that it was subject to ASC 606 as the Company viewed the Agreement as a contract with a customer as the activities were central to its business operations. As such, the Company assessed the terms of the Agreement and identified one performance obligation for the licenses to research, develop, manufacture and commercialize ibrexafungerp in the Territory, including the underlying know-how related to such licenses. The Company also evaluated options for additional goods and services included in the Agreement related to (1) optional technical assistance related to development, regulatory or manufacturing activities and (2) an optional supply agreement for ibrexafungerp. Such options for additional goods or services were not considered to contain material rights as pricing approximated standalone selling prices and therefore the Company concluded that such options did not represent performance obligations and will be accounted for as separate transactions if and when they occur in the future.
The Company determined that the transaction price of $12.1 million included the fixed upfront cash payment of $10.0 million, an additional amount that was payable upon the transfer of certain data related to the manufacturing license, and $1.1 million related to withholding tax obligations that Hansoh remitted on behalf of the Company. The remaining amounts related to the successful completion of a manufacturing batch by Hansoh and potential development milestones represent variable consideration as it was concluded that it was not probable that a significant reversal in cumulative revenue recognized will not occur and therefore not included in the transaction price as of March 31, 2021. Potential commercial milestones and royalties on net product sales will be recognized in the same period that the underlying net product sales occur as they were determined to relate to the license. The transaction price was recorded in license agreement revenue during the three months ended March 31, 2021 at a point in time upon control of the license transferring to Hansoh. The Company will reevaluate the transaction price at the end of each reporting period as uncertain events or resolved, or as other changes in circumstances occur. For the three months ended March 31, 2022, there was no license agreement revenue recognized given the variable consideration was fully constrained as of March 31, 2022.
Additionally, pursuant to the Agreement, both the Company and Hansoh agreed to make reasonable efforts to account for applicable taxes, fees, duties, levies, or similar amounts imposed on net income, franchise taxes and profits arising directly or indirectly from the activities of the Agreement. To the extent Hansoh is required by applicable laws to withhold or deduct any tax on any payment to the Company, Hansoh agreed to make certain increases on payments to the Company to ensure that the Company receives a sum equal to what the Company would have received had there been no deduction or withholding. As a result, the Company has recorded revenue and tax withholding expense primarily associated with the up-front payment received by the Company on a gross basis. For the three months ended March 31, 2021, the Company recognized $1.1 million in license agreement revenue and $1.1 million in income tax expense to account for the tax withholding expense primarily on the $10.0 million up-front that the Company is responsible to remit under applicable tax law.
In July 2016, the Company entered into an asset purchase agreement with UK-based Cypralis Limited (or "Cypralis"), a life sciences company, for the sale of its cyclophilin inhibitor assets. Cypralis also acquired all patents, patent applications and know-how related to the acquired portfolio. In connection with the asset purchase agreement, the Company is eligible to receive milestone payments upon the successful progression of Cypralis clinical candidates into later stage clinical studies and royalties payable upon product commercialization. The Company retains the right to repurchase the portfolio assets from Cypralis if abandoned or deprioritized. For the three months ended March 31, 2022 and 2021, there was no revenue recognized associated with this agreement given the variable consideration associated with the sale of intellectual property to Cypralis was fully constrained as of March 31, 2022 and 2021, respectively. Additionally, in October 2014 the Company entered into a license agreement with Waterstone Pharmaceutical HK Limited (or “Waterstone”) and granted Waterstone an exclusive, worldwide license to develop and commercialize certain non-strategic compounds. The Company is entitled to receive potential milestones and royalties from Waterstone; however, there was no revenue recognized by the
Company associated with this agreement given the variable consideration was fully constrained as of March 31, 2022 and March 31, 2021.
The entire disclosure of revenue from contract with customer to transfer good or service and to transfer nonfinancial asset. Includes, but is not limited to, disaggregation of revenue, credit loss recognized from contract with customer, judgment and change in judgment related to contract with customer, and asset recognized from cost incurred to obtain or fulfill contract with customer. Excludes insurance and lease contracts.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef