Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Stockholder's Equity

v3.20.2
Stockholder's Equity
9 Months Ended
Sep. 30, 2020
Equity [Abstract]  
Stockholder's Equity

8.

Stockholders’ Equity

Authorized, Issued, and Outstanding Common Stock

The Company’s authorized common stock has a par value of $0.001 per share and consists of 100,000,000 shares as of September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019; 10,798,119 and 9,741,372 shares were issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020, and December 31, 2019, respectively.

On July 16, 2020, the Company filed a Certificate of Amendment to its Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation  (the “Amendment”), which became effective on Friday, July 17, 2020, (a) implementing a 1-for-10 reverse stock split of the Company’s common stock and (b) decreasing the number of authorized shares of the Company’s common stock from 250,000,000 shares to 100,000,000 shares.  

The reverse stock split affected all shares of the Company’s common stock outstanding immediately prior to the effective time of the reverse stock split, as well as the number of shares of common stock available for issuance under the Company’s equity incentive plans. In addition, the reverse stock split effected a reduction in the number of shares of common stock issuable upon the conversion of outstanding convertible notes or upon the exercise of stock options or warrants outstanding. No fractional shares were issued as a result of the reverse stock split.

The following table summarizes common stock share activity for the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands): 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

 

 

Shares of

Common Stock

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

Balance, June 30, 2020

 

 

10,478,927

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

291,134

 

 

$

(284,811

)

 

$

6,333

 

Net income

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

909

 

 

 

909

 

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

399

 

 

 

 

 

 

399

 

Common stock issued, net of expenses

 

 

315,939

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,909

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,909

 

Common stock issued through employee stock purchase plan

 

 

2,284

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

 

Common stock issued for vested restricted stock units

 

 

969

 

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

 

 

 

 

 

(1

)

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

 

10,798,119

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

293,450

 

 

$

(283,902

)

 

$

9,558

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2020

 

 

 

Shares of

Common Stock

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

Balance, December 31, 2019

 

 

9,741,372

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

284,313

 

 

$

(271,428

)

 

$

12,895

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(12,474

)

 

 

(12,474

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,220

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,220

 

Common stock issued through employee stock purchase and stock option plans

 

 

4,652

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

 

 

 

 

 

28

 

Common stock issued, net of expenses

 

 

647,504

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,578

 

 

 

 

 

 

4,578

 

Common stock issued for conversion of April 2020 Notes

 

 

316,461

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,784

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,784

 

Common stock issued for Commitment Shares

 

 

70,910

 

 

 

 

 

 

602

 

 

 

 

 

 

602

 

Common stock issued for vested restricted stock units

 

 

17,220

 

 

 

 

 

 

(75

)

 

 

 

 

 

(75

)

Balance, September 30, 2020

 

 

10,798,119

 

 

$

10

 

 

$

293,450

 

 

$

(283,902

)

 

$

9,558

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Three Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

 

Shares of

Common Stock

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

Balance, June 30, 2019

 

 

5,452,011

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

259,426

 

 

$

(249,029

)

 

$

10,402

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(7,941

)

 

 

(7,941

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

449

 

 

 

 

 

 

449

 

Common stock issued through employee stock purchase plan

 

 

1,758

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

 

 

 

 

 

17

 

Common stock issued, net of expenses

 

 

279,911

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,206

 

 

 

 

 

 

3,206

 

Common stock issued for exercise of stock options

 

 

2,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Common stock issued for vested restricted stock units

 

 

312

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

 

 

 

 

 

(2

)

Balance, September 30, 2019

 

 

5,736,242

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

263,108

 

 

$

(256,970

)

 

$

6,143

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Nine Months Ended September 30, 2019

 

 

 

Shares of

Common Stock

 

 

Common

Stock

 

 

Additional

Paid-in

Capital

 

 

Accumulated

Deficit

 

 

Total

Stockholders’

Equity

 

Balance, December 31, 2018

 

 

4,797,198

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

248,938

 

 

$

(217,718

)

 

$

31,225

 

Net loss

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(39,252

)

 

 

(39,252

)

Stock-based compensation expense

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,387

 

 

 

 

 

 

1,387

 

Common stock issued through employee stock purchase plan

 

 

3,684

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

 

 

 

 

 

37

 

Common stock issued, net of expenses

 

 

768,658

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,761

 

 

 

 

 

 

9,761

 

Common stock issued for conversion of March 2019 Notes

 

 

162,600

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,984

 

 

 

 

 

 

2,984

 

Common stock issued for exercise of stock options

 

 

2,250

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

 

 

 

 

 

12

 

Common stock issued for vested restricted stock units

 

 

1,852

 

 

 

 

 

 

(11

)

 

 

 

 

 

(11

)

Balance, September 30, 2019

 

 

5,736,242

 

 

$

5

 

 

$

263,108

 

 

$

(256,970

)

 

$

6,143

 

 

Shares Reserved for Future Issuance

The Company had reserved shares of common stock for future issuance as follows:

 

 

 

September 30, 2020

 

 

December 31, 2019

 

Outstanding stock options

 

 

817,855

 

 

 

526,070

 

Outstanding restricted stock units

 

 

80,137

 

 

 

96,637

 

Warrants to purchase common stock associated with June 2016 Public Offering

 

 

421,867

 

 

 

421,867

 

Warrants to purchase common stock associated with March 2018 Public Offering – Series 2

 

 

798,810

 

 

 

798,810

 

Warrants to purchase common stock associated with December 2019 Public Offering

 

 

4,472,205

 

 

 

4,472,205

 

Option to purchase common stock associated with December 2019 Public Offering

 

 

 

 

 

583,333

 

Warrants to purchase common stock associated with Solar loan agreement

 

 

12,243

 

 

 

12,243

 

For possible future issuance for the conversion of the March 2019 Notes

 

 

1,138,200

 

 

 

1,138,200

 

For possible future issuance for the conversion of the April 2020 Notes

 

 

1,622,138

 

 

 

 

For possible future issuance under 2014 Equity Incentive Plan (Note 9)

 

 

161,776

 

 

 

55,478

 

For possible future issuance under Employee Stock Purchase Plan

 

 

5,895

 

 

 

7,423

 

For possible future issuance under 2015 Inducement Award Plan (Note 9)

 

 

14,050

 

 

 

31,550

 

Total common shares reserved for future issuance

 

 

9,545,176

 

 

 

8,143,816

 

 

Common Stock Purchase Agreement

On April 10, 2020, the Company entered into the Common Stock Purchase Agreement with Aspire Capital pursuant to which the Company has the right to sell to Aspire Capital from time to time in its sole discretion up to $20.0 million in shares of the Company’s common stock over the next 30 months, subject to certain limitations and conditions set forth in the Common Stock Purchase Agreement.  The aggregate number of shares that we can sell to Aspire Capital under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement may in no case exceed 1,956,547 shares of the Company’s common stock (which is equal to approximately 19.99% of the common stock outstanding on the date of the Common Stock Purchase Agreement), including the 70,910 commitment shares (the Exchange Cap), unless either (a) shareholder approval is obtained to issue more, in which case the Exchange Cap will not apply, or (b) the average purchase price of all shares sold under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement exceeds $8.461; provided that at no time shall Aspire Capital (together with its affiliates) beneficially own more than 19.99% of the Company’s common stock.  During the three and nine months ended September 30, 2020, the Company sold 125,000 shares of its common stock under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement for gross proceeds of $0.6 million.

Under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, on any trading day selected by the Company, the Company has the right, in its sole discretion, to present Aspire Capital with a purchase notice (each, a “Purchase Notice”), directing Aspire Capital (as principal) to purchase up to 25,000 shares of Common Stock per business day, up to $20.0 million of common stock in the aggregate at a per share price (the “Purchase Price”) equal to the lesser of:

 

the lowest sale price of Common Stock on the purchase date; or

 

the arithmetic average of the three (3) lowest closing sale prices for Common Stock during the ten (10) consecutive trading days ending on the trading day immediately preceding the purchase date.

The Company and Aspire Capital also may mutually agree to increase the number of shares that may be sold to as much as an additional 200,000 shares per business day.

In addition, on any date on which the Company submits a Purchase Notice to Aspire Capital in an amount equal to at least 25,000 shares, the Company also has the right, in its sole discretion, to present Aspire Capital with a volume-weighted average price purchase notice (each, a “VWAP Purchase Notice”) directing Aspire Capital to purchase an amount of stock equal to up to 30% of the aggregate shares of Common Stock traded on its principal market on the next trading day (the “VWAP Purchase Date”), subject to a maximum number of shares the Company may determine.  The purchase price per share pursuant to such VWAP Purchase Notice is generally the lessor of (i) the closing sale price on the VWAP Purchase Date, or (ii) 97% of the volume-weighted average price for common stock traded on its principal market on the VWAP Purchase Date.  

The Purchase Price will be adjusted for any reorganization, recapitalization, non-cash dividend, stock split, or other similar transaction occurring during the period(s) used to compute the Purchase Price. The Company may deliver multiple Purchase Notices and VWAP Purchase Notices to Aspire Capital from time to time during the term of the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, so long as the most recent purchase has been completed.

The Common Stock Purchase Agreement provides that the Company and Aspire Capital shall not effect any sales under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement on any purchase date where the closing sale price of common stock is less than

$0.25.  There are no trading volume requirements or restrictions under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, and the Company will control the timing and amount of sales of common stock to Aspire Capital.  Aspire Capital has no right to require any sales by the Company, but is obligated to make purchases from the Company as directed by the Company in accordance with the Common Stock Purchase Agreement.  There are no limitations on use of proceeds, financial or business covenants, restrictions on future fundings, rights of first refusal, participation rights, penalties or liquidated damages in the Common Stock Purchase Agreement.  In consideration for entering into the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, concurrently with the execution of the Common Stock Purchase Agreement, the Company issued to Aspire Capital 70,910 shares of common stock (the “Commitment Shares”).  The fair value of the Commitment Shares of $0.6 million was recognized in other expense in the unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations for the nine months ended September 30, 2020.  The Common Stock Purchase Agreement may be terminated by the Company at any time, at its discretion, without any cost to the Company. Aspire Capital has agreed that neither it nor any of its agents, representatives and affiliates shall engage in any direct or indirect short-selling or hedging of common stock during any time prior to the termination of the Common Stock Purchase Agreement. Any proceeds that the Company receives under the Common Stock Purchase Agreement are expected to be used for general corporate purposes, including working capital.

Convertible Debt and Derivative Liabilities

In connection with the Company’s issuances of its April 2020 Notes and March 2019 Notes, the Company bifurcated the embedded conversion options, inclusive of the interest make-whole provisions and make-whole fundamental change provisions, and recorded the embedded conversion options as long-term derivative liabilities in the Company’s balance sheet in accordance with ASC 815, Derivatives and Hedging.  The convertible debt and derivative liabilities associated with the April 2020 Notes and March 2019 Notes are presented in total on the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated balance sheets as the convertible debt and derivative liabilities.  The derivative liabilities will be remeasured at each reporting period using the binomial lattice model with changes in fair value recorded in the statements of operations in other (income) expense.  For the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded gains of $5.3 million and $2.3 million due to the change in fair value of the derivative liabilities.  For the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded gains of $6.7 million and $0.2 million, respectively.

Warrants Associated with June 2016, March 2018, and December 2019 Public Offerings

The outstanding warrants associated with the June 2016, March 2018, and December 2019 public offerings contain a provision where the warrant holder has the option to receive cash, equal to the Black-Scholes fair value of the remaining unexercised portion of the warrant, as cash settlement in the event that there is a fundamental transaction (contractually defined to include various merger, acquisition or stock transfer activities). Due to this provision, ASC 480, Distinguishing Liabilities from Equity, requires that these warrants be classified as liabilities. The fair values of these warrants have been determined using the Black-Scholes valuation model, and the changes in the fair value are recorded in the accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated statements of operations.  During the three months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded gains of $7.8 million and $1.8 million, respectively, due to the change in fair value of the warrant liabilities.   During the nine months ended September 30, 2020 and 2019, the Company recorded a gain of $16.1 million and a loss of $2.6 million, respectively.  As of September 30, 2020, the fair value of the warrant liabilities was $2.3 million.

Warrant Associated with Solar Loan Agreement

On the closing date of the Company’s previous loan agreement with Solar, pursuant to the loan agreement the Company issued to Solar the warrant to purchase an aggregate of up to 12,243 shares of the Company’s common stock at an exercise price of $36.754 per share. The warrant will expire five years from the date of the grant. The warrant was classified as equity and recorded at its relative fair value at issuance in the stockholders’ equity section of the balance sheet.